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Environmental Architecture And Urbanism

Postgraduate course. Face-to-face.

Presentation

13th EDITION
UPC School

This postgraduate course can be attended as part of the master's degree Architecture and Sustainability: Design Tools and Environmental Control Techniques.

Shortly we will publish updated information about the new edition of this programme.

The postgraduate Architecture And Environmental Urbanism assumes that the architecture of the future will be subject to two types of influences: the Ecology and High Technology.

Consistently with the principles of sustainable development, this posgraduate provides a training focused on understanding, awareness and knowledge to minimize the impact on their environment, buildings in particular and urban growth in general not exceeding the limits of ecosystems support, while maintaining at the same time comfort conditions. Theory and practice of Sustainable Architecture that controls the construction project from the beginning till the end: materials, passive solar strategies, energy efficient installations with active use of renewable energy, low waste generation and later its treatment.

Besides from the lessons, there are also sessions with specialized companies, to show the products and their applications. There are also lessons to learn software for virtual simulation of physical phenomena and energy evaluation software. We teach the requirements for the new Technical Building Code and other current energy certificates. In the practical application exercises, the students use the theoretical concepts, design and calculation tools to incorporate in the project the learned bioclimatic design principles.

During the course, there are organized multiple visits to real examples. At the end of the course, it is planned is a study tour in some European Union country to visit examples of eco-neighbourhoods and sustainable buildings built under the environmental criteria.

Aims

By using theoretical and practical instruction focused on applying general sustainability principles to architectural projects and their urban environments this Master's course seeks to:

- Provide academic knowledge in sustainable architecture and urbanism.
- Familiarise students with the latest technology and technical design and calculation tools.
- Teach students about the innovative experiences in this field that have been developed in other countries and the rest of the world.
- Promote the exchange of knowledge between multidisciplinary groups.
- Boost students' knowledge in their professional areas.

Who is it for

Architects and Engineers with advanced or associates degrees and graduates in environmental fields.

Content

Subjects

Environmental Architecture History
3 ECTS. 30 teaching hours.
- Sustainable development: the size of sustainability.
- Environmental tradition throughout architectural history.
- Sustainable urban development.
Bioclimatic Design
3 ECTS. 24 teaching hours.
- Climate and architecture, the parameters of comfort.
- Passive solar design and low energy consumption in tropical, Mediterranean and cold climates.
- Natural lighting: design and calculations.
- Bioclimatic urbanism.
- Calculations for energy incorporated into materials and systems and CO2 emissions.
- Sustainable landscaping.
- Creating climatic graphs.
Bioclimatic Software
4 ECTS. 64 teaching hours.
Software: Useful tools for bioclimatic design and oversight:
-Meteonorm
-Weather Tool
-Ecotect
-Phoenics
Case Studies
5 ECTS. 44 teaching hours.
Visits to different buildings that are good examples of where the concepts explained and analysed in the theoretical classes have been applied and analysis of the examples presented by special professional guests.
Practice exercises: bioclimatic design
2 ECTS. 12 teaching hours.
A practice exercise that includes the development of a project that applies the knowledge and tools given to students during the course.
Introduction to active environmental oversight techniques. Classifying installations. Consumption of materials and energy. Energy and waste products.
4 ECTS. 30 teaching hours.
6.1. INTRODUCTIONS TO ACTIVE RESOURCES
Passive and Active Resources.
Why Active Resources are used.
Regulation Criteria.
Installations: obligations and solutions.
Ways to minimise consumption. Options.
Security, Performance and Welfare.
Mandatory Requirements, Procedures used to comply with them.
The main working areas.
An optimistic view of the sustainability issue.
Terms, definitions, units and symbols.

6.2 CLASSIFICATION OF INSTALLATIONS
Urban level, building level.
Air-conditioning installations and Service Installations.
Air-conditioning: Ventilation, Heating, Refrigeration, Humidity Control.
Lighting.
Water, Fuel, Electrical installations.
Installation of solid, liquid and gas extractor systems.
Installation of Protection, Transport, Telecommunications and Special Systems.
Land Conservation, rights, layouts and organisation of Architectural and Urban installations.

6.3. CONSUMPTION
Consumption of materials and energy.
Efficiency criteria in Architecture and Urbanism.
The water cycle in nature and in terms of human consumption.
Consumable water. Different types of water for consumption. The cost of water (service and tax concepts involved in construction and management of a service infrastructure, waste water treatment and sewers).
Collecting water and making it potable. Treatment (pre-oxidation clarification, tuning, membrane treatment, nano-filtration, inverse osmosis, pH correction and final disinfection).

6.4. ENERGY; ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND SUPPLY
Primary energy, final energy. Consumption values - Efficiency.
The energy efficient label, energetic certification.
Metering and distribution of responsibility among consumers.

6.5. WASTE GENERATION AND DISPOSAL
Material waste by-products, energy by-products.
Materials: solid, liquid and gaseous waste.
Collection and removal of solid waste.
Collection: door to door, waste containers on the street (above ground, submerged), fixed and mobile pneumatic.
Liquid and solid waste removal with humidity.
Rainwater, sewage (grey and black water) and industrial waste water.
Water collection systems.
Treatment of solid and liquid wastes.
Eco-parks, wastewater treatment plants and controlled dumping.
Gas extraction.
Energy pollutants: heat release, noise pollution, light pollution, electromagnetic fields, high frequency microwaves, radioactivity and electrostatic charges.
Application methods in Architecture and Urbanism.
Loads, demands and air-conditioning systems
5 ECTS. 35 teaching hours.
9.1.-LOADS AND HEATING DEMANDS IN BUILDINGS
Transferring heat in buildings.
Maintaining comfortable conditions efficiently.
Destabilising factors.
Compensation levels (loads).
Criteria and formulas for applying load calculations.
Effects of the thermal oscillations and radiation on the parameters (opaque and transparent)
The thermal energy scale.
The effect of the energy scale on interior temperature variations.
Capacity and thermal distribution concepts.
Simple calculations for heating loads and thermal demands using improvements in insulation and ventilation.
Calculation of primary energy consumed by using improvements in system efficiency.
Calculations of the favourable elements that reduce demand.

9.2.-LOADS AND HEATING DEMANDS IN BUILDINGS
The higrothermic scale. Sensitive heat and latent heat.
Maintaining comfortable conditions efficiently.
Destabilising factors.
Compensation levels (loads).
Criteria and formulas for applying load calculations.
Review of the use of the Psychometric Abacus.
Procedures for manual calculations. Simple examples.
Simplified calculation program, step by step.
Complex calculation programs on the market.

9.3.- AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEMS
Heating systems and devices.
Cooling systems and devices.
Classes and description of different air-conditioning systems according to the RITE (Regulations for Thermal Installation in Buildings)
Ventilation systems. Conditions of ducted air (tempered, untreated, as part of an air-conditioning system).
Free cooling using ventilation
Air-conditioning, distribution methods for heat exchange fluids.
Classification and description of air-conditioning installations according to cooling and/or heat distribution system and according to the method of production.
Applications in Architecture and Urbanism.
Different ways of planning an air-conditioning system.
Refrigeration and Heating with water in floors and ceilings.
Renewable energies: solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, geothermal, wind power, biomass, co-generation and tri-generation.
5 ECTS. 35 teaching hours.
8.1. SOLAR THERMAL ENERGY
Different ways of collecting solar energy.
Applications.
Types of collectors and performance levels.
Electromagnetic radiation concepts and properties.
Loss in collection as a result of orientation, inclination and shadows.
Solar Heated Water heating system components that utilise solar panels.
Calculating the surface area for capturing solar energy.
Dynamic simulations.
Collection volumes.
Different installation variants for solar thermal systems.
Solar Heated Water installations and Heating.
Solar refrigeration.


8.2.-SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY
Methods for installing panels on architectural structures: General, Superimposition, Integration.
Different types of panels.
Examples of applications.
The Photoelectric and Photovoltaic effect.
Applications for the photovoltaic effect. Different types of installations.
The different parts that make up an installation.
Design schematics for autonomous installations connected to a network.
The Basic Document HE-5 of the CTE (Technical Building Code). Description of the content.
Connection modes of the different modules.
The usefulness of diode by-passes.
Characteristic curves of photovoltaic cells.
Radiation received and collected, and electricity generated.
Peak Solar Hours.
Different types of photovoltaic cells.
Calculation criteria.
The calculations manual explained step by step.
Recommended open source calculations programs.

8.3.- GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
Definition and types of geothermal energy.
Worldwide geothermal resources.
Systems and applications.
Very low temperature geothermal resources.
Geothermal gradients on the surface.
Geothermal collectors and heat pumps- Potential power exchange fluids.
Types of geothermal collectors: horizontal, panels, special wells.
Pre-sizing for cold and heat collectors connected to heat pumps.
Land characteristics.


8.4.- WIND POWER
Wind, its speed, its energy characteristics before passing through a rotor. Predicting wind behaviour.
Wind power machines, wind mills, turbines. Concepts, components and types.
Classification by power ratings.
Classification by the position of the rotor hub.
Sub-types and characteristics. Power curves.
Small wind power generators (≤ 50Kw).
Examples of the selection.
Commentary on the architectural location.

8.5.- BIOMASS ENERGY
Biomass, concepts, its energy, photosynthesis, pyrolysis, fermentation and combustion.
The by-products of biomass consumption and its measurement in Kg of CO2.
Anaerobic digestion: biogas.
Biofuels and liquid biofuels.
Wood and solid fuels.
Biomass sources.
Advantages and disadvantages.
The most common transformation methods.
Examples of urban applications (districts and neighbourhoods) and architecture (buildings).

8.6.- COGENERATION AND TRIGENERATION
Concepts and types.
Using both heat and electricity.
Primary energies used.
Commentary about engines: external and internal combustion and turbines.
Application of heat to produce cold (its performance).
The legal framework. Viability. A case study.
Case Studies and visits
3 ECTS. 16 teaching hours.
Visits to different buildings that are good examples of where the concepts explained and analysed in the theoretical classes have been applied.

Management & Faculty

Academic management

  • Fumadó Alsina, Juan Luis
    Doctor Arquitecto por la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona (ETSAB) y Catedrático del Depto. de Construcciones Arquitectónicas de la Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (UPC).
  • Uson Guardiola, Ezequiel
    Co-Director of the Master "Architecture and Sustainability: design tools and techniques of environmental control" and the postgraduate course "Architecture and energy savings." Doctor of Architecture and Master in Intelligent buildings and sustainable construction (MEICA) by Ramon Llull University and a Masters in Urban Planning from IEAL, is currently professor of Architectural Design at the UPC in ETSAB and Technical Director of the UNESCO Chair UDL. It is also "Bye Fellow" of Robinson College, Cambridge University (UK). He has lectured and authored articles and books on the implementation of sustainability strategies in Architecture and Urbanism.

Teaching staff

  • Aranda Moreno, Fernando
  • Barbeta Sola, Gabriel
    Architect. Professor of Universitats de Girona UdG
  • Bestraten Castells, Sandra Cinta
  • de Bobes Picornell, Arcadi
  • Ferrer Prat, Núria
  • Folch Hernández, Marc
    Arquitecto. Co-fundador del estudio Calderon-Folch-Sarsanedas. (Lecturer)
  • Fumadó Alsina, Juan Luis
    Doctor Arquitecto por la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona (ETSAB) y Catedrático del Depto. de Construcciones Arquitectónicas de la Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (UPC).
  • Gallego Moras, Guillermo
  • Grau i Molist, Lluís
  • Guillén Amigó, Carles
    Industrial Engineering from the Technical School of Industrial Engineers at Barcelona (ETSEIB), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC).
  • Labeur, Alejandro
    Arquitecto e investigador por la Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires. Experto en Arquitectura Bioclimática.
  • Llop Torné, Josep Mª
    Architect Planner (UPC, 1973). Director Planning and Environment of Lleida (1979-1988 and 1991-2003). Director of Planning of the City of Barcelona (1987-1991), before the 1992 Olympic Games. Professor of the University of Lleida and the Polytechnic University of Catalonia. First Prize of Catalonia Urban General Plan 1995-2015 Lleida. Project Coordinator "Management and control of urbanization" of the URB-AL Network on tools for urban income redistribution. Program Director of the International Union of Architects and UNESCO Chair on "Intermediate Cities, Urbanization and Development".
  • López Matas, Emiliano
    Architect and professor of ETSAV-UPC. Master of Architecture (M.Arch II) from Harvard University Graduate School of Design (Grant from the Real Colegio Complutense of Madrid).
  • Montlleó Balsebre, Marc
  • Pascual Sangrà, Joaquim
    Architect ETSAB - UPC. Director of Technical Services of the Municipal Housing of the City of Barcelona. He was director of technical services for the district of Horta-Guinardó and Nou Barris Barcelona City Council. Collaborates in teaching and timely disclosure of municipal public housing in the ETSAB-UPC, Architecture La Salle - Ramon Llull University and other similar areas.
  • Poppe, Jeroen
  • Tarrida Llopis, Marçal
    Experto en Software Bioclmático de análisis energético. Arquitecto por la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona (ETSAB), Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña.(UPC). Master en Arquitectura y Sostenibilidad por la UPC School.
  • Tricas Costa, Xavier
  • Tudo Gali, Roger
  • Uson Guardiola, Ezequiel
    Co-Director of the Master "Architecture and Sustainability: design tools and techniques of environmental control" and the postgraduate course "Architecture and energy savings." Doctor of Architecture and Master in Intelligent buildings and sustainable construction (MEICA) by Ramon Llull University and a Masters in Urban Planning from IEAL, is currently professor of Architectural Design at the UPC in ETSAB and Technical Director of the UNESCO Chair UDL. It is also "Bye Fellow" of Robinson College, Cambridge University (UK). He has lectured and authored articles and books on the implementation of sustainability strategies in Architecture and Urbanism.
  • Vázquez González-Román, Carlos
  • Vives Rego, José
  • Wadel, Gerardo
    Doctor Arquitecte. Technology and Production of Habitat Specialist. Founder of environmental advice Societat Orgànica. Researcher Professor at Superior Technical School of Architecture La Salle, Universitat Ramon Llull. Constructive Director of the magazine from 1999 i 2005 i i Secretari Append General Professor of the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the National University of La Plata, Argentina, between 1994 i 1998.

General information 2016-17 EDITION

Next course
October 2017
Credits
34 ECTS (230 teaching hours)
Timetable
Monday  16:00 to 21:00Wednesday  10:00 to 14:00  16:00 to 21:00
Taught at
ETSAB - Escola Tècnica Superior d'Arquitectura de Barcelona
Av. Diagonal, 649. Edifici A
Barcelona
Contact person
Núria Ferrer Prat

Telephone: (34) 93 401 63 70
arq.sost@talent.upc.edu
Attending hours: Monday and Wednesday from 4pm to 9pm
Degree
Postgraduate diplomas issued by the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. To obtain this degree it is necessary to have an official or recognized university degree equivalent to a bachelor's degree or diploma. Otherwise, the Fundació Politècnica de Catalunya will only award them a a certificate of completion.

In the case of having a foreign degree check here.
Virtual Campus
The students on this Postgraduate course will have access to the My_Tech_Space virtual campus, an effective work and communication platform for students, lecturers and course directors and coordinators. My_Tech_Space allows students to find background material for their classes, to work in teams, ask their lecturers questions, consult their marks, etc.
Employment service
Students can access job offers in their field of specialisation on the My_Tech_Space virtual campus. Applications made from this site will be treated confidentially. Hundreds of offers appear annually of the UPC School of Professional & Executive Development Employment service .The offers range from formal contracts to work placement agreements.
Registration fee
4.200 €
The registration fee must be paid before the beginning of this Postgraduate course.
See the section Discounts, loans and financial aid for possibilities of advantageous financing conditions.

Applicants are given the option of making a voluntary €5 contribution when formalising their enrolment. As part of the UPC's 0.7% Campaign, this donation will go towards meeting charitable needs in developing countries.

0.7%

Language of instruction
Spanish

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