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Seismic Design and Retrofit of Buildings and Bridges (SDR-BB)

Postgraduate course. Online.

Presentation

3rd EDITION
UPC School

Nowadays, earthquake-resistant design of buildings and other constructions is gaining worldwide attention:

  • Increasing awareness of enormous damaging potential of earthquakes.
  • Globalized working environment, where any professional can be involved with constructions in seismic regions.
  • Newly developed design and analysis tools, such as PBD (Performance-Based Design), Pushover Analysis and IDA (Incremental Dynamic Analysis), among others. These approaches are becoming more complex, as computer codes do.
  • Recently-proposed innovative construction and protection technologies, such as Base Isolation and Energy Dissipators, among others.

This Program provides attendants with knowledge to perform any intervention (design, planning, analysis, construction, retrofit, strengthening, repair, modification, promotion, etc.) on buildings and bridges located in seismic areas. Formulations included in regulations are described, and application examples are developed using most spread software codes.

This activity is taught by the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC). UPC is a prestigious technology-oriented teaching and research institution, ranked 35th (QS World University Ranking) in Civil and Structural Engineering. This activity is taught online, in an e-learning environment; activity is tailored to individual necessities and learning path is adjusted to time availability of each student. Attendants are able to interact each other, possibly interchanging their professional experiences. Described technologies and concepts stem from professional, lecturing and research activities of instructors.

Spanish and English versions of this activity are offered.

Each attendant will develop a Final Thesis. 

Aims

The main objective of this Program is to familiarize the attendants with up-to-date knowledge on seismic design, analysis and retrofit of buildings and bridges. At the end of the Program, the attendants should be able to:

  • Carry out any intervention (design, analysis, construction, retrofit, etc.) on buildings and bridges situated in seismic regions.
  • Understand and apply correctly current major regulations and guidelines of America, Europe and other regions.
  • Use the most common software packages for efficient seismic analysis and design of buildings and bridges.
  • Promoting, managing and leading national and international projects dealing with seismic issues.
  • Developing new multi-purpose design, analysis and construction approaches and solutions.

Who is it for

This Program is oriented to professionals (structural engineers, structural consultants and designers, construction managers, urban planners, architects, among others) involved with buildings and bridges located in seismic-prone regions.

This activity will entitle you to lead and coordinate large international groups of engineers and other professionals involved in promotion, design, retrofit or other interventions on singular constructions (tall buildings, long-span bridges and viaducts, subway and railway stations, large tanks, among others) with relevant seismic issues.

Content

PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

Methodology:
This Program is delivered online, in a full e-learning environment. Adobe Connect allows listening, viewing, recording, chatting and interacting with instructors and other attendants. Attendants use a virtual campus that provides access to teaching documentation, allows creating virtual personal spaces, includes forum or communication tools, facilitates team-working and discussions, among other capabilities.

This Program has 20 ECTS. Each ECTS totals 25 hours, comprising lectures, work and study time, and any other activity. Hence, total required time is 20 × 25 = 500 hours.

Major learning instruments are:

  • Recorded lectures. There are theory and computer applications sessions. Since this Program is professionally-oriented, theory sessions are mainly based on seismic regulations and on practical examples. Both types of sessions are divided in intervals lasting approximately twenty minutes. Computer applications sessions are mainly based in most spread commercial codes, such as SAP, ETABS, SAFE, PLAXIS, ROBOT, SHAKE, RISA, STAAD, among others. In sessions on computer applications, actual examples are worked out from very beginning to final design details. These examples are new buildings, retrofitted buildings, high-rise buildings, bridges, base isolation, among others. Attendants are asked to use same software than instructor, thus being able to obtain parallel results. Students can ask questions any time, being answered at earliest availability.
  • Forums. A number of forums are created to boost attendants and to allow for open discussions on case studies, and asking questions, among other learning and evaluation activities.
  • Provided documentation. Witten documentation is delivered to attendants. This includes teaching notes, scientific and technical papers and reports, books, design codes, worked examples, excel or MatLab files, SAP and ETABS files, and other relevant information.
  • Synchronous online sessions. Synchronous online interactive open sessions will be planned, depending on needs of participants. Professors attend these sessions and students pose questions and address their concerns; as well, relevant issues are discussed. Each synchronous session is scheduled according geographic location of students.
  • FAQ. The answers to the "Frequently Asked Questions" are included in a continuously updated database.
  • Continuous evaluation. Progression of attendants is monitored by frequent quizzes, multi-answer tests, short exercises, computer applications, and other activities. Attendants assess continuously their progression.
  • Final Thesis. Final Thesis is major output of Program since allows applying taught concepts and described procedures to actual projects. Each attendant will propose a subject of her/his interest; upon acceptation by director of Program, a supervisor is assigned. Ordinarily, development of Thesis requires extensive use of software codes.

Given professional orientation of Program, teaching is mainly based on major international design codes (FEMA, ACI, AISC, ATC, ASCE, NEHRP, AASHTO, ENs, ISO, Eurocode 8, etc.). Since regulations of virtually all countries are based either on US codes or in Eurocodes, participants will be able to perform any intervention in any country.

Customary language is English.

Subjects

Basis of Seismic Design
6 ECTS. 59 teaching hours.

Dynamics of Structures

  • Basic concepts. Displacement, velocity and acceleration. Frequency and period. Excitation (input) and response (output). Mass, damping and stiffness.
  • Signal analysis. Fourier spectrum.
  • Single-degree-of-freedom systems. Modeling criteria. Natural frequency and damping ratio. Harmonic input. Free and forced responses. Resonance.
  • Multi-degree-of-freedom systems. Lumped masses models. Modelling of symmetric and asymmetric buildings. Diaphragm effect. Modal analysis. Natural frequencies and modal shapes. Modal participation factors. Modal masse.

Earthquake Engineering & Seismology

  • Earthquakes. Origin and propagation. Intensity. Magnitude. Return period.
  • Near-source and far-source registers. Impulsivity, directivity and directionality. Influence of the soil type.

Earthquake-Resistant Design

  • Effects of seismic inputs on structures. Relative displacement, inter-story drift and absolute acceleration.
  • Design codes. Eurocode 8. American regulations.
  • Types of building structures: frames, walls, bracings, dual systems. Behavior of building structures under vertical loads and under horizontal forces.
  • Heuristic seismic design recommendations. Symmetry, uniformity, compactness, lightness, ductility, damping, simplicity, separation. Strong column-weak beam. Short columns.
  • Types of seismic analyses: static linear, static nonlinear, and dynamic nonlinear
  • Response spectra. Acceleration, velocity and displacement spectra. Influence of seismicity, damping, soil type, importance and ductility. Response reduction factor.
  • Multimodal analysis. Number of modes to be considered. Modal combination criteria: SRSS and CQC.
  • Static nonlinear analysis (push-over). Plastic hinges. Modelling criteria: distributed and concentrated plasticity.
  • Performance-based design. Performance points (target drifts: IO, LS, CP, DL, SD, NC). American and European (N2) formulations.
  • Dynamic nonlinear analysis. IDA curves.
  • Vertical seismic analysis.
  • Seismic analysis of non-structural components.
  • Pounding between adjacent buildings. Required gap.
Seismic Design and Retrofit of Buildings
6 ECTS. 58 teaching hours.

Seismic Design of Concrete Buildings

  • Types of concrete building structures. Frames, structural walls, dual systems. Primary and secondary members. Critical regions. Ductility classes. Response reduction factor.
  • Local ductility of critical regions.
  • Structural elements. Beams. Slabs. Columns. Joints. Walls. Coupled walls. Coupling beams. Failure models and modelling with strut-and-tie models.
  • Precast concrete structures.

Seismic Design of Steel Buildings

  • Types of steel and composite building structures. Frames, concentric bracing, eccentric bracing, dual systems.
  • Critical regions. Ductility classes. Response reduction factor.
  • Structural elements. Beams. Slabs. Columns. Joints. Pre-qualified connections. Braces: diagonal, chevron.
  • Special Truss Moment Frames.
  • Outrigger walls.

Seismic Design of Timber Buildings

  • Timber construction. Heavy timber, platform frame, cross-laminated timber.
  • Earthquake-resistant qualities of timber buildings. Ductility of the connections. Design criteria.
  • Example of seismic design of a timber building.

Seismic Design of Masonry Buildings

  • Masonry construction. Unreinforced, confined and reinforced masonry.
  • Earthquake-resistant qualities of masonry buildings. Design criteria.
  • Example of seismic design of a masonry building.

Seismic Retrofit of Buildings

  • Use of the Performance-Based Design.
  • Basic retrofit strategies. Global Structural Stiffening and Strengthening. Bracing. Strengthening of columns.
  • Removal or Lessening of Existing Irregularities. Re-symmetrization. Mass Reduction. Local Modification of Components.
  • Knowledge levels. Decisions for structural interventions.
  • FEMA, ATC and ASCE regulations. Eurocode 8 Part 3.

Seismic Design and Retrofit of Foundations

  • Basic concepts of soil response to earthquakes.
  • Liquefaction. Risk of landslides.
  • Retaining walls. Mononobe-Okabe formulation.
  • Shallow and deep foundations. Tie-beams and foundation beams. Raft foundations
  • Effect of earthquakes on foundations.
  • Applications. Liquefaction potential. Seismic design of foundations. Soil-structure interaction.
Seismic Design and Retrofit of Bridges
2 ECTS. 14 teaching hours.

Seismic Design and Retrofit of Bridges

  • Pedestrian, road and railway bridges.
  • Types of bridges. Decks. Piles. Abutments. Cable-stayed bridges. Suspended bridges
  • Design criteria. AASHTO specifications. Eurocode 8 Part 2.
  • Long-span bridges: spatial variation of the input ground motion.
New Technologies for Seismic Protection
2 ECTS. 13 teaching hours.

Base Isolation

  • Concept of base isolation. Degree of isolation. Limitations. Design criteria. Regulations.
  • Types of isolators. Rubber bearings. RB, LRB, HDRB. Durability.
  • Friction devices; flat and curved surfaces. Other isolators. Supplemental damping.
  • Applications to buildings and bridges. Other applications. 3D isolation.
  • Observed seismic performance of isolated constructions.
  • Applications to seismic retrofit.
  • Design examples.

Energy Dissipators

  • Energy dissipators. Design criteria. Efficiency. Regulations. Applications.
    Types of dissipators. Hysteretic devices. Buckling-restrained braces. Steel walls. Friction devices. Viscous and viscoelastic devices. VD walls. Use of SMA. Other dissipators.
  • Applications to buildings and bridges. Other applications.
  • Applications to seismic retrofit.
  • Design examples.

Mass Dampers

  • Tuned mass dampers. Design criteria. Efficiency. Regulations. Active and semi-active dampers.
  • Shock absorbers. Tuned liquid dampers. Tuned sloshing dampers and liquid column dampers.
  • Applications to tall buildings, communication towers and steel chimneys. Applications to building slabs and pedestrian and road bridges.
Final Thesis
4 ECTS. 16 teaching hours.
  • The topic of the Thesis is proposed by each student and is approved by the director of the Program taking into account the feasibility and the practical interest of the proposal. Eligible themes are seismic designs or retrofits of actual building or bridges, or other relevant theoretical or applied studies. It is strongly recommended that the selected subject is closely related to the professional interests of the attendants.
  • In past edition, some Theses developed by students were: Seismic analysis of a 30 story RC building, Seismic design of a shopping and parking structure, Capacity design of representative multi-span bridges, Simplified racking frame analysis of metro stations, and Pushover analysis to estimate response reduction factor of RC elevated water tanks. Noticeably, some of these Theses consisted in developing general design and construction solutions that can be utilized in a wide set of situations.

Management & Faculty

Academic management

  • López Almansa, Francesc
    Beng. MSc. PE. PhD. Forty years' experience as advanced structural consultancy and technology-transfer in buildings. Professor at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Wide lecturing experience in many subjects linked to Structural Analysis and Design. Professor of Master Programs "Structural Engineering in Architecture", "Technology in Architecture" and "Soil Engineering and Earthquake Engineering" at the UPC. Permanent Visiting Professor of several Spanish Universities (Girona, Granada, and Ramon Llull) and Southern Chile in Latin America. Has supervised 15 Doctoral Theses, most of them related to earthquake engineering. Author of more than 200 research papers published in scientific journals and presented at national and international scientific conferences. Has participated in numerous research projects (national and international) financed by public and private funds, having been promoter and coordinator in many of them.

Academic coordination

  • Al Farah, Bashar
    Beng. MSc. PE. Currently completing, at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, his Doctoral Thesis on advanced numerical simulation of dynamic structural behavior of buildings that are heavily damaged by earthquakes. Eight years¿ experience in analysis, design, construction and supervision of civil engineering structures (high rise buildings, industrial facilities, residential and defense projects, etc.) located in seismic regions, mainly Arab and South American countries. Relevant experience on nonlinear seismic analysis for practical and scientific purposes. High expertise in structural analysis software: ABAQUS, ETABS, OpenSees, PLAXIS, PROKON, REVIT, RISA, ROBOT, SeismoSoft, SAFE, SAP, among others. Partner and developer at SESPID, specialized in developing engineering software for automated detailing and optimization. Wide teaching experience in teaching professional courses for civil engineers and architects. Presently working as a structural consultant in Barcelona.

Teaching staff

  • Al Farah, Bashar
    Beng. MSc. PE. Currently completing, at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, his Doctoral Thesis on advanced numerical simulation of dynamic structural behavior of buildings that are heavily damaged by earthquakes. Eight years¿ experience in analysis, design, construction and supervision of civil engineering structures (high rise buildings, industrial facilities, residential and defense projects, etc.) located in seismic regions, mainly Arab and South American countries. Relevant experience on nonlinear seismic analysis for practical and scientific purposes. High expertise in structural analysis software: ABAQUS, ETABS, OpenSees, PLAXIS, PROKON, REVIT, RISA, ROBOT, SeismoSoft, SAFE, SAP, among others. Partner and developer at SESPID, specialized in developing engineering software for automated detailing and optimization. Wide teaching experience in teaching professional courses for civil engineers and architects. Presently working as a structural consultant in Barcelona.
  • Álvarez Cabal, Ramón
    BEng. MSc. PE. PhD. Professor of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid since 1982. Has participated in 10 research projects, most of them international. Has taught courses and lectures at universities and research centers in Europe and Latin America (Caracas, Lisbon, London, Santiago de Chile, Utrecht, Wroclaw, Mexico, among others). Appointed as an expert by international organizations like NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and UIC (Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer). Has written 6 books, over 15 scientific papers, monographs, and other documents. Member of committee elaborating Spanish seismic design code and National Application Document of Eurocode 8. Senior engineer in INTEMAC (company devoted to Quality Control and Pathology studies in Construction) since 1989; responsible of quality control of major singular buildings. Coordinator of technical assistance team after Lorca earthquake (Spain).
  • Arnedo Pena, Alfredo
    Beng. MSc. PE. PhD. Professor at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Wide teaching experience in many subjects linked to Steel Structures. Professor of the Masters Programs "Structural Engineering in Architecture" and "Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics". Wide professional experience in earthquake-resistant design (INYPSA 1984-1999), especially in nuclear power plants. Professional experience in seismic design, protection against impact and explosions (SENER 2003-2012). Spanish delegate to the committee of Eurocode 3 Part 1.3. Spanish delegate to the CEN / TC 135 Committee on Execution. Spanish delegate on the ISO/TC98/SC3/WG9, working on the revision of the ISO 3010 "Seismic actions on structures". Author of books about steel structures. Participation in the European research project "Seismic design of light-gauge steel framed buildings".
  • Benavent Climent, Amadeu
    Barch. (1988, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain). MSc. PE. PhD. (1998, Tokyo University, Japan). Full Professor of the Universidad de Granada (2000-2012) and the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (2012-present). His research activity has focused on energy-based seismic design and on development of energy dissipators for seismic protection of buildings; this activity involves extensive testing, advanced numerical simulation and development of new design criteria. Technology transfer has generated practical applications consisting of implementing energy dissipators in two buildings in Spain. Over 120 publications, most of them papers published in highly-ranked international peer-reviewed Journals. Has supervised 9 Doctoral Theses and 16 Master Theses, all of them related to earthquake engineering. Has participated in 12 research projects (national and international) financed by public and private funds, being promoter and leader in 8 of them.
  • Bozzo Rotondo, Luis
    1987, Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería, Lima) MSc. PE. PhD. (1992, University of California, Berkeley). Assistant professor (1989-1992 University of California) and associate professor (1993-2004 Universitat de Girona, Spain). More than 100 research papers published in scientific journals and conferences. Principal eng. at DIRACSA, Lima (1983-1998). Founder and principal eng. at LUIS BOZZO ESTRUCTURAS Y PROYECTOS, Barcelona (2003-present). His research activity has focused on development a new finite element (CI8m) for accurate modelling of long-span roofs and, mainly, on energy dissipators for seismic protection of building structures ("Shear Link Bozzo"). Most remarkable designs: base isolated hospital building at Barcelona, JVC curved cable-stayed bridge in México, domes of Santuario de los Mártires in México (biggest church under construction worldwide), Cube I and Cube II towers in Zapopan Mexico, 60-story Paradox tower in Santafé, Mexico, among others.
  • Cabanillas Rodríguez, Jorge Luis
    BEng. (2000, Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería, Lima) MSc. (2011, Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería; 2015, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya) PE. PhD candidate, at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Sixteen years experience in analysis, design, construction and supervision of civil engineering structures (buildings, industrial facilities, long span roofs, bridges, etc.) located in seismic regions, mainly in South America. Expertise in structural analysis software: SAP2000, ETABS, SAFE, CSiBridge, Perform 3D, CSiCol, among others. Founder and principal engineer at DISEÑO DE PROYECTOS EN INGENIERÍA (Perú). Representative of CSI (Computers & Structures, Inc.) for South America and Caribe. Wide teaching experience in professional courses for civil engineers and architects. Most remarkable designs: 520 m long railway cable-stayed bridge in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), arch bridges in Puyo (Ecuador) and Moquegua (Perú), among others.
  • Ledesma Villalba, Alberto
    BEng. MSc. PE. PhD. Full Professor of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Thirty years of teaching and research experience on that field, including numerical models in Geomechanics, back-analysis, unsaturated soils, landslides and soil dynamics. Supervisor of 12 Doctoral Theses. Participation and coordination in a number of Research Projects funded by European Commission. Over 150 publications, most of them papers published in international peer reviewed Journals. Geotechnical advisor of several companies and administrations, in Spain and other European and American countries, involving large excavations, urban tunnels and embankment dams. Active member of the International Committee controlling construction of high-speed train tunnel crossing Barcelona next to World¿s Heritage buildings.
  • López Almansa, Francesc
    Beng. MSc. PE. PhD. Forty years' experience as advanced structural consultancy and technology-transfer in buildings. Professor at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Wide lecturing experience in many subjects linked to Structural Analysis and Design. Professor of Master Programs "Structural Engineering in Architecture", "Technology in Architecture" and "Soil Engineering and Earthquake Engineering" at the UPC. Permanent Visiting Professor of several Spanish Universities (Girona, Granada, and Ramon Llull) and Southern Chile in Latin America. Has supervised 15 Doctoral Theses, most of them related to earthquake engineering. Author of more than 200 research papers published in scientific journals and presented at national and international scientific conferences. Has participated in numerous research projects (national and international) financed by public and private funds, having been promoter and coordinator in many of them.
  • Roca Fabregat, Pere
    BEng. MSc. PE. PhD. Professor of Construction Engineering at the UPC. Teaching, research and technology-transfer activity focused in structural analysis and retrofit of masonry and historical constructions, including advanced numerical modelling and extensive testing. A number of innovative retrofit solutions have been developed; practical applications have been promoted and supervised, some of them in World heritage constructions. 20 Doctoral Theses supervised, some in earthquake engineering. More than 250 research papers published in scientific journals and presented at scientific conferences. Has participated in research projects (national and international) financed by public and private funds, having been promoter and coordinator in many of them. Member of the ISCARSAH committee on the Analysis and Restoration of Structures of Architectural Heritage of the International Council for Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) since 2001.
  • Romo Martín, José
    MSc. PE. PhD. Professor of the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain), European University of Madrid and of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Author of more than 100 papers and scientific and technical journals. President of ACHE (Spanish Concrete Association) since 2014 and of Spanish group of IABSE during 2003-2009. Member of FIB TG1.6 "Tall Buildings". Awarded with medal of ACHE, 2008. Professional experience in road and foot bridges and buildings since 1983 (1983-1985 PROSER junior engineer, 1985-1986 GIBBs & Hill senior engineer, 1987-present FHECOR partner and CEO). Principal designer of an important number of bridges and buildings, many of them singulars (long-span bridges, high rise buildings and long-span roofs) and located in seismic-prone regions. Most relevant designs are the proposal for bridge over the Chacao Channel (Chile) and a 7-km long crossing of the Tagus River (Portugal), including a main cable-stayed bridge, among others.

General information

Credits
20 ECTS (160 teaching hours)
Start date
Start date:24/04/2017End date:30/11/2017
Contact
Telephone: (34) 93 112 08 62
Degree
Postgraduate diplomas issued by the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. To obtain this degree it is necessary to have an official or recognized university degree equivalent to a bachelor's degree or diploma. Otherwise, the Fundació Politècnica de Catalunya will only award them a a certificate of completion.

In the case of having a foreign degree check here.
Virtual Campus
The students on this Postgraduate course will have access to the My_Tech_Space virtual campus, an effective work and communication platform for students, lecturers and course directors and coordinators. My_Tech_Space allows students to find background material for their classes, to work in teams, ask their lecturers questions, consult their marks, etc.
Employment service
Students can access job offers in their field of specialisation on the My_Tech_Space virtual campus. Applications made from this site will be treated confidentially. Hundreds of offers appear annually of the UPC School of Professional & Executive Development Employment service .The offers range from formal contracts to work placement agreements.
Registration fee
3.900 €
The registration fee must be paid before the beginning of this Postgraduate course.
See the section Discounts, loans and financial aid for possibilities of advantageous financing conditions.

Applicants are given the option of making a voluntary €5 contribution when formalising their enrolment. As part of the UPC's 0.7% Campaign, this donation will go towards meeting charitable needs in developing countries.

0.7%

Language of instruction
Spanish / English
Payment of enrolment fee
The enrolment fee can be paid:
- In a single payment to be paid within the deadline specified in the letter of admission to the programme
- In two instalments:
  • 60% of the amount payable, to be paid within the deadline specified in the letter of admission to the programme
  • Remaining 40% to be paid up 10 days before the starting date of the programme