The emergence of ICTs has led to a paradigm shift in architecture. Parametric design, digital fabrication, 3D printing and prototyping are revolutionizing the architecture of the twenty-first century, and creating new avenues for new models of sectoral development and new multidisciplinary professional profiles able to meet the challenges of this socioeconomic change.
An architectural project is a complex process, in which knowledge management must be linked to design in an operational way. Parameters are all the categories of information that affect decision-making when a project is carried out. This is the aim of parametric architecture: to go beyond geometry and the form, in order to design a system taking in all the variables/categories involved in the process. This is the potential offered by modern software tools: Grasshopper, Rhinoceros, Revit, Dynamo, BIM (Building Information Modeling), etc.; which change the design process, making architects into builders of systems and not just models.
In this context, many courses today provide a partial perspective, based on the direct application of software in numerical control machines to produce complex objects. However, this master's degree offers a comprehensive approach: it trains professionals in advanced architectural creation, focusing on efficiency in buildings and a commitment to the environment.
The Master's degree in Parametric Design in Architecture is divided into two independent postgraduate courses, which are focused dynamically on the creative process and the applied production phase. The first, Digital Design and 3D Fabrication, gives students the knowledge of parametric geometry, digital fabrication and contemporary architecture they need to develop the potential of parametric design. The course includes practical workshops on parametric software, geometry and numerical control machines, aimed at solving real problems in complex architectural design. The second, Performative Parametric Design, explores real applications through parametric design, and the behaviour of the objects designed are checked thoroughly, with the same rigour and requirements demanded of digital fabrication as those expected from traditional architecture. This module aims to create interaction and synergies between parametric design and the application of algorithms to other disciplines such as BIM, urban design, planning, construction, structures, installations, services and climate in order to obtain more efficient and sustainable results.
It's taught at the Barcelona Metropolitan School of Architecture, which has a residence for international students, as well as the latest technology in equipment and facilities. Its Model Workshop, digital laboratories and technology & innovation research teams CODA and SMIA, as well as its involvement in the FAB-Lab Barcelona network of Digital Fabrication Centres, mean that students can explore all the possibilities of parametric design.
The programme aims to provide professional architects with the skills necessary to design architecture, applying the concepts and tools of parametric design.
Today, most contemporary architectural designs involve forms that are new because they have been achieved using computational techniques. This new development has led to a thirst for knowledge and a desire to imitate, which often leads to poor designs, which are inefficient and definitely not environmentally friendly.
We aim to avoid merely learning how to use parametric software, and focus above all on the design phase. For this reason, each of the two postgraduate programmes on the degree course contains a project workshop in which (as always in architectural design, even in the most traditional fields) knowledge and techniques from all fields of architecture will be applied: construction, urban planning, theory and technology.
Students completing this master's degree will have skills enabling them to work in architecture offices, bringing new skills and knowledge that will facilitate advanced architectural creation, making efficient and environmentally friendly buildings achievable based on parametric design.
Who is it for
Graduates in architecture, building engineers, quantity surveyors and/or surveyors, industrial engineers in various fields, civil engineers, and technical engineers of public works.
Professionals including consultants, planners and interior designers who have skills in the field of architectural design, building or urban planning, and other professionals wishing to refocus or supplement their skills or begin their own business project.